Earlier this month, in the world’s largest democratic election, more than 170 million Indian voters chose Narendra Modi as the country’s 15th prime minister. Modi, a three-time chief minister of the state of Gujarat, made much of his improbable rise from a train station tea seller to the highest level of Indian politics. Following his inauguration on May 26, Modi’s National Democratic Alliance (NDA) will form a new government with a clear majority in the Legislature. His resounding victory offers reasons to hope his government will promote development and prosperity for all Indians. Legislating with a majority should facilitate bold economic reforms — reducing the role of the decrepit state sector and salvaging the country’s byzantine tax code in order to jump-start India’s markets.